Niger state is the largest state in Nigeria by landmass and
it is located in the Central part of the country. The state was founded in 1976
and has been a home to many Nigerian leaders both past and present. The Shiroro
and Kainji dams are located in the state. These two dams are two of the major
hydroelectric power stations in Nigeria. The state has 25 Local Government
Areas with many tribes.
Below are list of the tribes found in the state.


The Kambari tribe is a well-known tribe in Niger state, even
though they have been seen to be forgotten by the Nigerian Government. They can
be found in Magama, Mariga and Agwara LGAs in Niger state. Others can also be
found in small settlements in Wushishi and Rijau LGAs of the state. Men and
women still dress half naked and only 3% of the people are literates as parents
consider sending their children to school as a waste of time and resources
because they prefer the children to help them with farm works. Their population
is estimated at 149,000 residents.


The Ura tribe is a small tribe that can be mostly found in
Kusheriki and Rafi LGA of Niger state.The most practiced religion among the Ura
people is the Islamic religion with a few still practicing their old
traditional religions. They have been ruled by other tribes for hundreds of
years. The people of Ura are mainly farmers and potter. The population of the
Ura people is about 1700. The language the people speak is known as Fungwa


The Kanuri tribe can be regarded as the third largest tribe
in the Northern part of Nigeria. The kanuri tribe consist of other sub-tribes
such as the Manga Kanuri, Yerwa Kanuri and several other sub-tribes.The origin
of the Kanuri people can be traced to the Kanem-Bornu Empire. Many of the
Kanuri people still live in Borno state. The Kanuri people can still be found
in large numbers in Cameroun, Chad and Niger Republic. Majority of the Kanuri
people practiced the Islamic religion with only about 2% Christians among them.
They are over 6 million Kanuri people in Nigeria with about 400,000 of them
living in Niger state.


The Gwandara people can be found in Niger, Nasarawa, kaduna,
Abuja and some parts of Kogi states. The religion practiced by the Gwandara
people is the Islamic religion. Their history and origin can be traced to when
Islam was introduced in Kano state in the fourteen century. They have about
45,000 native speakers. It is a popular belief among the Gwandara people that
they can transform themselves into hyenas.


The Gade Tribe is believed to have moved from Sudan to Kano
state before finally settling in their present locations in Niger state. The
population of the Gade people is estimated at about 119,000 people. Their major
occupation is farming and most of them practice Islamic religion. They can be
found in communities in Tafa LGA of Niger state.


The Nupe people are found in Kogi, Kwara with majority of
them found in Niger state. The Nupe tribe is one of the largest tribes in
Nigeria. The origin of the Nupe people can be traced to Tsoede who fled the
court of Ida in the 15th century. The Nupe people are famous for the
making of beads. The population of the Nupe people is estimated at 3.5 million
people with majority of them being Muslims. They are predominately found in
Bida area. Bida is as well seen as the capital of Nupe land. Some Nupe people
can also be found in Suleja.


The Dukawa people are found in the Yelwa division of the
Kontagora Province. It is one of the major tribes that are found in Niger
state. They speak similar language with the Kamberri people. The population of
the Dukawa people is estimated at about 166,000 people. A large number of them
are Muslims. Their houses are built on hills and rocky grounds with rivers that
provide fishes for them. A good number of Dukawa people are fighters as a boy
is regarded a man when he can wrestle. The people don’t practiced male
circumcision but boys and girls usually meet at a wrestling festival where the
girl sprinkles white flours on any boy she chooses.

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