Kaduna is a region of of Kaduna State covering areas south of the city of
Kaduna, from Kaduna South local government area down to Plateau State.

The region
is inhabited by dozens of indigenous tribes and ethnicities and is most famous
for being dominated by adherents of the Christian religion as opposed to the
Muslim dominated Northern Kaduna.
Kaduna is often confused for the Kaduna South local government Local Government
Area and also the Kaduna South Senatorial District.
South Local Government Area, as the name implies, is a local government area in
Kaduna State, with headquarters in Makera in the city of Kaduna. The local
government area is located within Kaduna Central Senatorial District alongside
Kaduna North Local Government Area, Birnin Gwari, Igabi, Giwa, Chikun and
Kajuru local government areas. Kaduna South Senatorial District on the other
hand is a Senatorial Zone in Kaduna State comprising eight local government
areas of Zangon Kataf, Kagarko, Jema’a, Jaba, Kaura, Kauru, Kachia, and Sanga local
government areas.
Kaduna as a region however covers all local government areas of Kaduna South
Senatorial District as well as three local government areas in Kaduna Central
Senatorial District, and one local government area in Kaduna North Senatorial
Kaduna is notably demarcated from Northern Kaduna by the River Kaduna, a
tributary of the River Niger that runs through the city. So, the region can also
be defined as the area southward of River Kaduna down to the state’s boundary
with Plateau State.
Below we
take a look at the history of Southern Kaduna, the everly unique tribes of
Southern Kaduna, and every other thing that might aid your understanding of the
resilient people of this beautiful region.

The History of Southern

Since  the 
early  1970s,  Kaduna 
State  has  experienced 
various  forms  of 
conflict.  However, Southern  Kaduna 
has  become  the 
threshold  for  violent 
and  massive  killings 
perpetrated especially in the years 1987, 1992, 2000 and 2011.
In 1987,
violence erupted in the College of Education 
Kafanchan  where  Christians 
were  attacked  by 
Muslims  over  an 
alleged misrepresentation 
and  interpretation  of  the  Quran. 
The  violence  soon 
extended  to  Zaria, Kaduna, Katsina, Ikara and other
places. Hundreds of Christians were killed, churches were burnt and
property  worth millions  destroyed.
In  1992, Zangon 
Kataf was  twice engulfed  in violent clashes where indigenous
Christians of Atyap community were attacked by Muslims residents over the
relocation and opening of the market on the outskirts of the town in May of
1992. The market was initially located in an area dominated by the Muslim
community. It was sandwiched between 
private  houses and  not conducive 
for  local trading.  The 
government relocated  the market
to  an open  space favorable  to 
everyone,  but the  Muslim community  saw this 
as an affront both  to their  faith and businesses.  They 
therefore attacked  Christian
communities  in retaliation. This  was followed 
by the  Sharia crisis in  2000 and 
the post-presidential election violence in April 2011. The conflict
spread to many cities and towns within the state including Kafanchan.
The most
recent violent conflict in Southern Kaduna occurred in May 2016 where
Christians (mostly farmers) were attacked by Hausa-Fulani Muslim herdsmen. 
addition  to  attacks 
started  mostly  by 
the  Muslim  communities 
against  Christians,  the government also failed to address the
situation justly and provide security for Christian majority communities. The
continuous conflict and government’s failure to provide justice led to cries of
marginalization and  social
exclusion  (on  the 
part  of victims).
Kaduna State  has become  divided 
along  religious,  ethnic 
and  socio-cultural  lines  with 
different  beliefs  and traditions. On the one hand there is the
northern and Islamic Hausa/Fulani ethnicity, and on the other there  are the 
southern indigenous communities 
that are  predominantly Christian.
The northern part of Kaduna State became dominated by Hausa-Fulani Muslims and
the indigenous Christian 
communities  migrated  to 
Southern  Kaduna. 
Settlements  based 
around  religious affiliation and
ethnic groups became replicated in major towns such as Zonkwa, Kafanchan and
Kachia.  Religion  and 
ethnicity  have  become 
factors  that  generate 
identity  conflict.  Mutual  distrust 
between  communities  and 
religious  groups has  grown  so 
much  that  people 
place sectarian division over and above the common interest.
Again, the
voices of Christian victims who live with the conflict daily are stifled and
unrepresented. The trauma suffered by Christian women, children, the physically
challenged and the most vulnerable has mostly gone unnoticed.
combination of these factors has derailed local and official efforts to end the
conflict both in the short and the long term. As with most violent conflicts in
Nigeria, military deployment in a predominantly Christian territory has become
the first option rather than the last resort. This is  done 
without  committed  or 
genuine  civil  engagement. 
There  are  also 
poor  levels  of accountability and  increased impunity  by 
security forces deployed to keep peace in Southern Kaduna. Indigenous
Christian communities accuse security forces of complicity in the

 Languages And Tribes In Southern Kaduna

The Southern Kaduna region represents the
Biblical Tower of Babel due to the existence of
numerous tribes and languages within the region.
The Southern Kaduna region comprises of a total of 65
tribes and language
with each local government area boasting of more than one except
for Jaba Local Government Area which has only
indigenous tribe
Jaba local government area is
the base of a tribe known as Jaba, the owner and curator of the Nok culture
where Terracotta head was discovered and believed to have existed around 500
B.C. Ham is the language of the Jabas. The tribe is also found in Kachia local
government area of the state with the same language.
In Jama’a local government
council, there exists the tribes of Kagoma, Kafanchan and Kalinko. While Kagoma
speaks Gom language, Funsuam and Kalinko are the languages of Kafanchan and
Kalinko respectively.
Bajju tribe that speaks Ju
language, Ikulu with Akulu language, Kadara tribe with Adara and Jaba with Ham
languages hold sway in Kachia Local Government Council.
Kagarko Local Government
Area is the home of the Koros and Gbaygi’s tribes. The two speaks the language
that coincided with the names of their tribes: but, the Gbaygi’s are still
found in other areas such as central Kaduna senatorial zone.
Ataka, Kataf, Morwa and
Oegorok (Kagoro) tribes are found in Kaura Local Government Area with different
languages. Ataka speaks Aakat, Kataf speaks Atyap, Morwa with Sholie and
Oegorok with Oeglok language.
Ruruma, Kaibi, Kimolo and
Binwara tribes holds forth in Kauru Local Government Council. Each of the
tribes speaks the language that tallied with the names of their tribes.

Local Government Areas And
Towns In Southern Kaduna

Southern Kaduna region comprises all the eight local government areas of Kaduna
South Senatorial Zone. These local government areas include:
Southern Kaduna region also covers three local government areas of Kaduna
Central Senatorial District. These local government areas are:
Southern Kaduna region also extends to one local government area in Kaduna
North Senatorial Zone. The local government area is:
Major towns
in the Southern Kaduna region include Kafanchan, Zonkwa and Kachia. Even a s
ignificant part of the city of Kaduna is in located within the Southern Kaduna

The Southern Kaduna
Peoples Union (SOKAPU)

The Southern Kaduna Peoples
or SOKAPU is the umbrella body of the estimated 5 million natives of the Southern Kaduna region of Kaduna state.
The existence of the organization predates Nigeria’s independence. It
has been at the forefront of the fight for the creation of a state for the
Southern Kaduna people.
The organization has also been fighting for the equity and fairness for
the Southern Kaduna people purportedly marginalised by successful Muslim-led
regimes in Kaduna State.
Barrister Solomon Musa is the current President of the Southern Kaduna
Peoples Union.

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